Tag Archives: Leave No Trace

Minimum Impact Fires

Now I don't think there is a person amongst us who can't appreciate the warmth, security and entertainment a camp fire brings when we're enjoying wild, outdoor places. But fires are all too often misused, and frequently damage the landscape and surrounding habitats. 
 

When I ask outdoor users about the need for a fire answers usually fall into one, or more than one, of three categories:

"We need it to cook and keep warm"

"We enjoy sitting around it, it encourages conversation!"

"It keeps away wild animals"

 

Well yes, having a fire can serve a purpose. They can transform a camping experience into a enjoyable, social gathering. They certainly have their place amongst outdoor education as an ultimate way of brining students 'back to nature', learning new skills, and gaining an appreciation of managing risk and danger. 

Let's not forget the relationship between humans and fire is one of the oldest, and the power to control fire separates humans from the rest of the animal world. But, as I'm sure I've heard somewhere before...'with great power comes great responsibility'. 

 

The thing is, fire is no longer essential for comfort or food preparation. Many of the lasting impacts associated with campfires are easily avoided by carrying a light weight cooker and pot. Using a cooker also removes the requirement to forage for wood, and eating habits are likely to be a lot cleaner - attracting less animals in the longer term. 

 

If you insist on having a fire, a few simple guidelines can ensure greatly reduced impact:

Judge wind, weather, wood availability. Is it a safe and responsible place to make a fire?

Is there any provision for a fire? An existing grate or stove, have you thought about carrying a lightweight fire pan?

Do you have the time to build a 'Leave No Trace' fire and clean up appropriately?

 
Building a 'Mound Fire' fire: 

Mound fires are built on piles of sand, gravel or soil. The mound sits on top of a tarp, or even a bivvi bag or bin bag. Whatever you use, the edges can be rolled and buried under the mound to prevent any singeing.  

It's easiest if you carry a small trowel to collect material for your mound. The kinds for digging 'cat holes' are ideal. The material can be collected from a nearby location and carried in an old stuff sack or bin bag to your fire site.

Your tarp (or whatever you choose) is laid on the floor, and the soil placed on top and compacted into a mound 6-8 inches thick and 18-24 inches in diameter.

A good sized mound prevents heat from the fire reaching the ground, and provides a manageable platform that doesn't encourage the fire to grow bigger than needed.

When looking for fuel, dead and downed wood is most preferable - ideally sticks that can be broken by hand and no larger than  your wrist. Larger pieces of wood play an important role in nutrition and soil productivity, as well as providing shelter for small animals and many plant species.

Smaller firewood burns completely to a fine ash, making cleaning up easier. Half burnt logs are difficult to dispose of and encourage future, larger fires. Once the fire is completely out, bearing in mind the amount of time needed to burn all those little stick ends, the ash can be scattered, or mixed with the soil from the mound and returned to the ground where it was first taken.

Before leaving, try to restore the appearance of the fire site by replacing any surface debris and sweeping the area for litter and food waste.

The choice to become a responsible outdoor user is ultimately yours, but as more people spend time in our wild places it's surely important to encourage minimal impact. By thinking about your location and purpose, and by following some straightforward guidelines it is possible to enjoy a fire outdoors without leaving any trace! 

If you're interested in learning more Leave No Trace techniques, have you considered joining one of our courses?

Leave No Trace Training Courses and Workshops

 

 

 

 

Leave No Trace in the U.K.

What is Leave No Trace

In its simplest form, 'leave no trace' is the practice of using our wild areas in a way that reduces impact to a minimum. The phrase was used  during the 60’s and 70’s in the United States following a large increase in the amount of visitors to wild areas due to the introduction of recreational equipment such as synthetic tents and gas stoves.

The ‘United States Forest Service’ in conjunction with NOLS – the National Outdoor Leadership School, developed the national education program of Leave No Trace in 1990. Since 1994 the “Leave No Trace Centre For Outdoor Ethics”, a non-profit organisation, has existed to educate about recreational impact on nature as well as how to prevent and minimise these impacts through utilisation of seven key principles.

The Leave No Trace organisation has since provided hands on training, workshops and events for over 9.5 million children and adults with representatives in more than 30 countries. There are now international centres in the U.S.A, Canada, Australia, Ireland and New Zealand.

 Leave No Trace Training Courses and Workshops

 The Seven Principles

 Plan Ahead and Prepare

Knowing where you want to go, being prepared for weather changes and emergencies. Where possible, avoiding times of high use and splitting larger groups into smaller.
Pre packing food and removing excess wrapping.

Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces

Sticking to established trails of rock, dry grass or snow. Where paths are muddy, stick to the middle rather than walking around.
"Good campsites are found, not made."

Dispose of Waste Properly

Check your campsites and stopping areas for rubbish and spilled food.
"Pack it in, pack it out."
Human waste in a 'cathole' at least 200 feet from water - take tissue out with you! Better still, refer to rule one. 

Leave What You Find

Avoid picking live flowers in delicate areas.
"Preserve the past"
Examine, but do not touch or move historic structures and artifacts.

Minimise Campfire Impact

Fires cause long lasting impact on the environment, consider lightweight stoves for cooking where possible. 
Use established fire rings or fire pans, and burn only the required wood to a fine ash.  

Respect Wildlife

Observe fauna from a distance and avoid feeding and encouragement.

Keep pets under control when appropriate.

Be Considerate of Other Visitors

Courtesy and politeness goes a long way!
 Pause in a convenient place to let others pass whilst walking, take breaks and camp off the path. 

More Than 7 Rules

At Life Trek Adventures we feel these seven principles offer a great basis for minimum impact outdoor recreation, they can be applied in any location during any sport or activity. They are also brilliant for teaching with younger children, and make an ideal starter point for those looking deeper into development of environmental ethics. 

However, Leave No Trace is also often reduced to seven principles to follow like a guidebook. It is clearly more than this, it is about developing an individual’s relationship and stewardship for the outdoors. For us, it is an area of education often missed within the curriculum and one that should substantiate and be at the heart of outdoor education. 

As more and more people begin to use the United Kingdoms wild spaces for their own recreational activities, it is of clear importance to promote practice that encourages sustainability. This can start from an early age and in easy to access locations such as a local park or woodland, even in a back garden. 

If you would like to attend a Leave no Trace Trainer course or Awareness Workshop, please get in touch using the contact page!